Introduction to Eclectic Approach of Teaching
It is a common practice that a teacher often follows one specific technique, method or approach of teaching. He does not mix it with others.
Eclectic Approach of Teaching
The word ‘Eclectic’ which is an adjective means deriving things from diverse sources. It is derived from a Greek word eklegin which means to select. A person who is interested in reading would collect and select books from diverse resources to fulfill his needs. Same is the theme of this teaching approach. A teacher uses number of methods to achieve his end of effective teaching.
It is a common practice that a teacher often follows one specific technique, method or approach of teaching. He does not mix it with others. The eclectic approach does not imprison him in a circle. It allows him to use of techniques and activities from a range of language teaching approaches and methodologies.
In this approach teacher decides the method of teaching himself. He is free to employ any relevant techniques for his lesson and learners. Several different teaching methods are borrowed and adapted to needs and abilities of learners. Learner’s strength and learning style is always kept in mind. Wide range of resources is used to match the curriculum. It is flexible and elastic technique which keeps the needs of learners in mind.
An example of material chosen for different subjects may clarify the eclectic technique. Textbook is better for teaching mathematics, short stories or novels of supreme quality are good for teaching reading, and a workbook is used for teaching spelling. Eclectic approach keeps the learner busy all along the day.
It is a good combination of different learning approaches. It is a variety of teaching methods and curricula to accomplish educational goals. It is the most effective technique for small classes and also needs an assistant with the teacher. The role of teacher in this technique is that of a guide as well as entertainer as e tries to make his lesson interesting. It develops a student emotionally, socially, intellectually, and physically.
Execution or implementation of the eclectic technique
In the Eclectic method children are believed to be the unique individuals and appropriate technique is applied for every single learner. This technique requires curriculum that is creative, innovative, and imaginative. It provides every student an opportunity to grow and develop in quite natural environment. This approach is heterogeneous and breaks monotony with variety of learning materials, methods and techniques.
It keeps student involved in the learning with out stress and fears. They are specially benefited by this technique as they are provided an opportunity to give vent to their emotions.
Advantages of eclectic approach
It is the nature of man that he likes change. He wants new and novel ways in every field of work. The same is the case with learning process. Learners always like something new and exciting. This approach is broad and may include every kind of learning activity and saves learner from monotony.
It is more appropriate for Pre School learning but not less beneficial in the class rooms.
It is helpful in all kinds of skills in stimulating a creative environment and gives confidence to the learners. In this approach children discovers and instill good ways of learning.
Above all this approach gives a chance to our common sense to mould and shape our method according to the circumstances and available materials of teaching aids.