Can We Build A Human Colony In Mars Through Advancements In Space Farming?

Lucy Clark By Lucy Clark, 5th Apr 2017 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/1j8uyb5n/
Posted in Wikinut>News>Science

What is the future of the human race? Scientists have found out that if human beings are to survive in the near future, we will have to explore and colonize other planets. Whether we finally decide to make the earth completely uninhabitable with the growing levels of global warming or if we simply deplete its natural resources, one day we will be forced to search for a new home!

Can We Build A Human Colony In Mars Through Advancements In Space Farming?

What is the future of the human race? Scientists have found out that if human beings are to survive in the near future, we will have to explore and colonize other planets. Whether we finally decide to make the earth completely uninhabitable with the growing levels of global warming or if we simply deplete its natural resources, one day we will be forced to search for a new home!

Although there are a lot of exoplanets which orbit other stars that could serve as a good replacement for the earth, the best habitable destination is, in most cases, going to be Mars. So how can we use our advancements in space farming to create a human colony here? Let us look at some key considerations!

The Process of Creating a Human Colony in Mars through Space Farming:
- Creating a habitable environment
- Use of liquid lifeline
- Energy farming

Creating a Habitable Environment

It is only natural that while establishing a human settlement, the first thing to consider is creating a self-sustaining environment. This habitat should be able to perform a given amount of tasks. For example, maintain air pressure, oxygen levels, and proper temperature. Besides, it should also protect the people living in it from radiation. Therefore, the structure should be large and quite heavy!

Launching large and bulky objects into space is rather costly, but we have discovered an alternative means. Simply carry a small ‘toolbox’ from earth. Go on to create the habitat using locally produced resources. Here, we have found out that a good method is using 3D printers. These devices can be used to transform minerals from the local soil into physical establishments or structures. NASA has used the space farming technique in zero-gravity environments so as to make spacecraft objects in space.

Use of Liquid Lifeline

Once we have built the habitat, what next? The colony will require an endless supply of water, energy, and oxygen if the plants are to survive. It will also need food to feed its inhabitants. Water is a very crucial element of day to day living but its uses are rather diverse. It can be used to make propellant or for radiation shielding.

In the International Space Station (ISS), efforts have been made to prevent wastage of water. You are likely to find that all liquids such as sweat, urine, and even tears are put to good use. However, this is only conservation. A colony also needs to extract its own water! Consider using the best aquatic chillers for this process.

In Mars, water is found in underground liquid supplies. Besides, it is also got from the ice found on asteroid surfaces. With water comes oxygen which is generated through a process referred to as electrolysis. The main purpose of this is to separate it from the hydrogen in water.

Energy Farming

Thanks to the photo-voltaic solar panels, producing energy has turned out to be the technological aspect of starting a human colony. However, depending on the planet location, the technology needs to be improved further. Remember that Mars is further from the sun as compared to earth. Therefore, it receives a lower electrical (solar) power.

Mars also has a thick layer of atmosphere that partially blocks the rays from the sun. For proper farming to take place, a colony needs to produce its own energy resources. For example, crops can convert carbon dioxide in the air to oxygen. It may appear easy on the earth, but growing crops in Mars or other planets is not so simple.

One good solution that has been used on earth to grow garlic and radishes is hydroponic farming. It involves planting in a nutrient filled aquatic environment.

CONCLUSION

It is now clear that in future when the earth’s resources are minimal or depleted, there is a viable solution! With the advancements in space farming technology, we can go on to plant, harvest, and store radishes as well as other vegetables and crops rather easily. Hoping that you have learned something from the above information, let us know what you think of this idea. Is it achievable? How much can we accomplish with advancements in space farming?

Tags

Farming, Spaces

Meet the author

author avatar Lucy Clark
Hi there! I’m Lucy - founder of GardenAmbition.com and I’m a self-confessed garden fanatic. Gardening has always been a passion of mine and will always be my favorite pastime.

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