Leptospirosis disease in the Philippines

klutzfree By klutzfree, 21st Sep 2012 | Follow this author | RSS Feed
Posted in Wikinut>News>Health

Leptospirosis cases because of heavy floods in various location of Metro Manila and Provinces and how local government and agencies coped with it.

What is Leptospirosis?

Leptospirosis is an infectious disease caused by the "leptospira" bacteria found in animal urine, especially from rats. The bacteria may enter the human body through wounds, cuts in the skin, and through the eyes and mouth. Leptospirosis signs and symptoms include high fever, head ache, chills, muscle aches, vomiting, jaundice (yellow skin and eyes), red eyes, abdominal pain, diarrhea and rash. Complications of the disease may lead to damaged kidneys and liver. Those who have wounds and cuts that is exposed to floodwater must seek immediate medical consultation.

Cases of Leptospirosis in the Philippines

According to National Epidemiology Center (NEC), 2,471 cases is reported with 129 deaths from January 1 - August 18, 2012 compared to last year's 1,522 cases which shows 62.35% increased in rate. According to the surveillance report, most leptospirosis cases came from Northern Mindanao, Western Visayas and National Capital Region where monsoon rains are hardly poured. The most highest number of cases registered in NCR came from Manila, Quezon City and Caloocan City with 73, 43, and 24 cases respectively.

Philippine Government in Action

A PhilHealth sponsored program will cover the hospitalization expenses of leptospirosis patients under PhilHealth Circular 39 of 2012; non-members living in flood stricken areas shall be accorded the benefits of a PhilHealth sponsored program member or beneficiary. Non-members who are less than 21 years old but whose parents are also non-members, one parent shall be automatically covered by the PhilHealth.

Members shall not be required to pay premiums and that they should be considered members for the period of August 1, 2012 to July 31, 2013, with a corresponding number card. The privilege shall be applicable for those who admitted from August 7 to 31, 2012.

Based on Philhealth Circular 40 series of 2012, a case rate of Php 11,000.00 shall be paid for moderate leptospirosis admitted in hospitals, while severe leptospirosis shall reimbursed fee for service. The National Household Targeting System for Poverty Reduction (NHTS-PR) of Department of Social Welfare Development (DSWD) include the identified 5.2 million poorest families to be covered by the said sponsored program.

In Dagupan City, Pangasinan, 70,000 doxycycline capsules were distributed to thousands of flood victims in various flood-prone barangays. The distribution of the said drug is done under the Anti-Leptospirosis Campaign of Pangasinan 4th District Representative Gina de Venecia.

Doxycycline is a preventive drug against leptospirosis. It also prevents other diseases such as pneumonia and other respiratory tract infections, Lyme disease, Acne, Infections of skin, genital and urinary systems, and Malaria.



Visit http://www.drugs.com/doxycycline.html for more information of this drug.

Tags

Doxycycline, Flood Disease, Health, Leptospirosis, Urinary Disease By Animals

Meet the author

author avatar klutzfree
Born in the month of June. Found an interest in freelance writing in search for a new career path.

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