Nature of the British Constitution

MMD By MMD, 13th Oct 2013 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/gdvbqb70/
Posted in Wikinut>News>Politics

This article is about the nature of British constitution. I tried my best to cover the major and basic parts. Hopefully you will find it useful.

The constitution of England

The french writer De Tocqueville who visited England in the nineteenth century to study the work of England government remarked that: "England has no constitution".

It's hard to believe a state without constitution. A constitution is a fundamental rules of state which determines and distributes the functions and powers among the various organs of government. Even more important job of institution is draw the line of rights and duties and to tell the peoples and government about their duties so they cannot cross the line. If these rules and regulations are written in a shape of document then it would be called written constitution. If not, then it is an unwritten constitution. Every modern state of the world has it's written constitution except England as they are the only one whose constitution is not in a written form and you won't find a single document of constitution. That's why the French writer De Tocqueville had said that: "England has no constitution" as he was not aware of this that it's possible that a constitution cannot be in an unwritten form.

Professor Munro described British constitution: it is a composite of charters and statues, Judicial decisions, Commons laws, customs and traditions. It is not one document but many. It is not derived from one source from several, it is not a complete thing, but a thing which is still in the process of growth.

"British Constitution has always been puzzling and always will be". (Queen Elizabeth II)

Elements of English Constitution

English Constitution consists of following elements:

1: The constitutional landmarks: A small part of the english constitution is written in the form of constitutional landmarks. The great constitutional landmarks are Magna Carta (1215), the petition of rights in (1628), the great reform act of (1832), and the Parliamentary act of (1911).

2: Statues: These are the laws made by the Parliament over many centuries. Some of them relates to the method of elections and duties of official etc.

3: Judicial decision: The law courts interprets charter and statue law etc.

4: The common Law: This is also a source of constitutional customs, rules especially relating to the liberty of subjects.

5: Conventions: The conventions of the constitution are the unwritten rules, usages, and practices. They are an important part of constitution.

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British, Constitution, Elements, England, English Constitution, Nature, Unwritten, Written

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author avatar MMD
A computer geek and optimistic boy. A reading addict plus writing.

A Political Science and Social Science student.

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Comments

author avatar M G Singh
14th Oct 2013 (#)

Wonderful post, well done

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author avatar MMD
14th Oct 2013 (#)

Thanks Madan for your time and your post.

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