The Sixth State of Matter

Arthur Allen By Arthur Allen, 7th May 2014 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL
Posted in Wikinut>News>Science

How many states of matter do you know? three? four? or five? well, i guess that is somewhat obsolete for now. Find out the other state of matter.

6th State of Matter

During our elementary grades, we learned that there are three states of matter; solid, liquid and gas. We also knew their differences. Solids, when it comes to arrangement of particle, are the most compressed state of matter. Next is the liquid then the gas. When we talk about their shapes, solids have definite shape while liquid and gas take the shape of the containers.
Then as we reach high school, we cannot set aside the power of human curiosity and persistence, because of that, another two states of matter were discovered, the plasma and the Bose-Einstein Condensate. Plasma is a gas-like which is usually hot. Sun is made up of plasma. Another one is the Bose-Einstein Condensate. This state of matter is produced at the extremely low temperature. At this extremely low temperature, atoms lose their particle-like characteristics and they behave as waves with wavelength that extends to their adjacent atoms which enable the particles to share the same quantum energy. Matters are made up of two building blocks; bosons and fermions. Bosons are those particles which can easily share quantum energy levels. While, fermions are those particles that can share energy levels when right condition is met. They are particles smaller than atoms like electrons, protons and neutrons. Bose-Einstein condensates are produced when the atoms that are subjected to that temperature are bosons. Atoms can be either bosons or fermions. Atom can be considered as boson when the total no. of its neutrons, protons and electrons is even. In the other hand, when the total no. of electrons, neutrons, and protons of an atom is odd, the atom is considered as fermion.
Another breakthrough had made on 2003 for the new state of matter when NASA-supported researchers had cooled fermionic particles at extremely low temperature. When fermions lose its particle-like characteristic and become wave at very low temperature, what happen is the opposite of Bose-Einstein condensate. Fermions on that state avoid each other and display distinct characteristic then the new state of matter is formed, FERMI GAS OR FERMIONIC CONDENSATE. The whole characteristics of this new state of matter are not yet fully known to human and it is still subjected to further study. Scientists believe that this discovery may lead to new clarification of past theories.


Chemistry, Matter

Meet the author

author avatar Arthur Allen
I am an aspiring to be published author. I had written two short love stories already. I love writing, reading and blogging.:) I love the internet world!

I also write in ExpertsColumn.::))

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