Worldwide There Are Countries that Are Targets for Natural Disasters

authordebStarred Page By authordeb, 28th Mar 2017 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/d5f21q-g/
Posted in Wikinut>News>Environment

Natural disasters are not restricted to a country or climate, they happen worldwide. Some populations and countries are more prone to these disasters.

Introduction

Natural disasters are a major adverse event caused by environmental factors that injure people and damage property. Earthquakes, windstorms, floods and disease all strike anywhere in the world most often without a warning. The countries below have the highest risk of natural disasters in the world.

Middle East/North Africa

The Middle East and North Africa’s urban population accounts for 62 percent of the total population and is expected to double in the next three decades. Those who live in urban areas deal with floods on a regular basis. In the Middle East and North Africa round 17 percent of the total population lives in coastal areas. With the rapid growth of the area is resulting to greater exposure of floods.
The most frequent disasters are floods, earthquakes, storms and droughts. According to OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database over the last thirty years floods have been the most recurrent disaster with 53 percent of the total number of disasters. Earthquakes account for 24 percent, storms and droughts ten percent. (The World Bank Middle East and North Africa)

Natural Disasters Include:
Jeddah Flood 2009 and other parts of Saudi Arabia witnessed the death of at least at 124 people or more. Most roads were buried under a meter of water. In 1999, Turkey, Izmir earthquake of a 7.6 magnitude may have lasted only 37 seconds but 17,000 lives were taken, 43,859 people were injured and almost a half a million people became homeless.

South Eastern Europe

South Eastern Europe faces devastating earthquakes, floods, seasonal wildfires. Over the last 20 years due to climate change the severity of weather –related disasters such as floods and drought have been on the rise. From 1998 -2009 disasters had caused almost 100,000 fatalities which affected over 11 million people. At the start of February 2015, heavy rainfall caused in southern and southeastern Albania with 42,000 people being affected. Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia are amongst several countries in South East Europe facing the worst floods due to the heaviest rains seen in the region for more than a century. In 2014, flood in Serbia in May affected an estimated 1.2 million people which included 210,000 children.

Natural Disasters Include:
May 2014, a low-pressure cyclone hit a large area of southern and central Europe which caused floods and landslides. In 2006, Romania, thousands have fled to higher ground, while neighboring Serbia has suffered the worst damage to farming.

South America

Climate-change related events increase the rate, intensity and unpredictability of impacts. A phenomenon such as El Niño continues to cause severe weather patterns and impacts the economy considerably such as loss of crops and livestock which affects the food security of many residents. When a disaster hits the urgent needs are shelter, food and relief items. The European Commission Disaster Preparedness Program supports local disaster response committees, drafting emergency plans, setting up early warning systems, information and education campaigns, reinforcing vital infrastructure (shelters, schools and hospitals), protecting livelihoods, as well as promoting coordination among those responsible for anticipating or reacting to disasters

Natural Disasters Include:
On April 16, 2016 Ecuador was home to a deadly 7.8 earthquake which claimed over 670 lives and shattered buildings. The coastal province of Manabí was hit hardest by the quake, registering 646 fatalities. This was the deadliest earthquake to hit Ecuador in over 70 years. Late March, 2004, southeastern Brazil witnessed the fury of Hurricane Catarina. (en.wikipedia.org)

Asia

Asia is the world’s most disaster prone region. Asia lacks resources, and highly susceptible and more exposed to the elements. The poor residents are more apt to live in the more exposed areas. Asia occupies 30 percent of the world’s land mass however, 40 percent of the worlds disasters occurred in the past decade. Nearly half of the deaths in this country within the last ten years were due to earthquakes and tsunamis.

Natural Disasters Include:

Honshu, Japan, 2011, earthquake and tsunamis. The earthquake was 9.0 was caused by the rupture of a stretch of the subduction zone linked to Japan Trench. (britannica.com) Bangladesh’s Cyclone hit August 29, 1991. This destructive cyclone claimed over 135,000 lives and damages over $1.5 billion. Since 1991, the waring and shelter systems have been improved. (history.com)

North America

No matter where natural disasters strike take many lives and cost millions of dollars to rebuild the cities they have destroyed. When it comes to disasters the west coast region has forest fires when the climate is dry. The area has numerous trees and shrubs. The Gulf of Mexico sees hurricanes, while the state of California has its share of landslides. Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions make Hawaii home to their wrath. (Worldrelief-fund.com)

Natural Disasters Include:
On March 18, 1925, the Tri-State Tornado was the deadliest tornado in US history. Even though there was no rating tornado experts agree it was F5. The tornado caused 69*95 deaths. The states involved in the tornado were Illinois, Indiana and Missouri. (tornadofacts.net) The Dust Bowl during the 1930’s, Great Plains saw a devastation of drought. The Dust Bowl which surrounds the Oklahoma and Texas panhandles and adjoining areas of Kansas, Colorado and New Mexico had little rainfall, light soil and high winds. When the drought had struck 1934 – 1937, the soil did not have a strong root system of grass for an anchor. When the winds increased in speed the loose top soil was picked up and swirled around into dust clouds. The dust storms caused chaos suffocating livestock and pastures forcing out 60 percent of the population. (history.com)

Sources

Lemon, Jason. "12 of the Worst Natural Disasters in MENA since 1965." Stepfee.com. N.p., 13 Nov. 2015
UNICEF 21, May, 2014, Floods sin South East Europe

Tags

Climate Natural Disaster, Countries, Demographic Change, Drought, Earthquakes, Environmental, Floods, Hazards, High Risk

Meet the author

author avatar authordeb
Author of the Love and Laughter series
Alternative Medicine Practitioner
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Works with Media companies for interviews and articles such as Howie Mandel for Afib,

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Comments

author avatar Peter B. Giblett
30th Mar 2017 (#)

It is true that there are certain places that seem to attract natural disasters. I have seen more expressive storms here in North America that anywhere else in the worle. Had to get off the highway in Minnesota because a storm cn in and visibility was so limited it was not possible to seen more than 10 foot ahead. That said these effects are also much more local, with hurricanes occurring mainly in the Florida area (although they do make landfall on other east-coast locations).

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